From 1998 to 2005, six elections happened in postcommunist Europe and Eurasia that had the unbelievable end result of empowering the competition and defeating authoritarian incumbents or their exact successors. Valerie J. Bunce and Sharon L. Wolchik examine those unforeseen electoral breakthroughs - with each other and with elections that had the extra commonplace results of protecting authoritarian rule. They draw 3 conclusions. First, the competition was once triumphant due to the tough and artistic paintings of a transnational community composed of neighborhood competition and civil society teams, individuals of the overseas democracy counsel neighborhood, and graduates of profitable electoral demanding situations to authoritarian rule in different nations. moment, the impressive run of those disenchanted elections mirrored the power of this community to diffuse an ensemble of leading edge electoral techniques throughout kingdom obstacles. ultimately, elections can function a robust mechanism for democratic swap. this is often specifically the case while civil society is robust, the move of political strength is thru constitutional capability, and competition leaders win with small mandates.
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